According to Countryaah, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest countries in Africa with an area of around 28,000 km² and is located on the west coast of the African continent. The country borders on Cameroon to the north, Gabon to the south and east and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. Since Equatorial Guinea used to be a Spanish colony, Spanish is an official language alongside French to this day. The most widely used African language is Fang.
Equatorial Guinea is still relatively untouched by tourism. The infrastructure is still very poor, but is continuously being improved. Far away from mass tourism, you can still authentically experience breathtaking landscapes, dreamy beaches and the hospitable inhabitants.
Due to its location directly on the equator, Equatorial Guinea has a tropical, hot and humid climate all year round. It is characterized by high humidity, high temperatures and almost continuously high rainfall. While the dry season on Bioko is December and January, on the mainland it extends from July to August.
Best travel time:
Much more than the temperature, precipitation is the central factor when planning a tour to Equatorial Guinea. The best times to travel are the relatively dry months of January and February. In addition to the drought, the winter months also have the advantage that the sun shines a little more often than in the rest of the year. When it rains, many of the often unpaved roads and slopes can hardly be used due to landslides and floods. Therefore, many travel destinations in the rainy season can either not be reached at all or only with a great deal of time.
Cameroon is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture. Located on the west coast of Africa directly on the equator, it is also known as “Africa in miniature”. Almost all the diversity that Africa has to offer in terms of landscapes, population, culture, flora and fauna awaits the visitor. The country at the crossroads between western and central Africa offers over 200 different ethnic groups, an almost unbelievable abundance of landscapes, national parks and even traces of German colonial history. The capital of the Republic of Cameroon is Yaoundé (Yaoundé) with around 1.3 million inhabitants.
The humid north of Cameroon is determined by a warm desert climate, in the cooler highlands it rains significantly more. The south of the country is characterized by a hot and humid tropical climate all year round with an average temperature of 25 degrees Celsius, which hardly varies.
Best travel time:
Travel to Cameroon should preferably be planned during the dry season to avoid the heavy rainfall and high temperatures. North Cameroon is easy to travel between October and March, the south and the highlands between December and March.
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé and Príncipe is the second smallest state in Africa after the Seychelles. Over 90% of the population live on the larger, southern island of São Tomé, which is 48 km long and 32 km wide. It is the more mountainous of the two islands. The highest point is 2024 m high. The capital of the same name is on São Tomé. The more northerly, smaller island of Príncipe is about 16 km long and 6 km wide; its highest point is 927 meters.
The southern tip of São Tomés is only 2 km north of the equator, the associated island of Rólas is directly crossed by the equator. Both islands are part of a mountain range formed by volcanic activity along the Cameroon Line, which continues on the African continent in Cameroon. In São Tomé and Príncipe, however, the volcanoes are no longer active.
São Tomé has a hot and humid tropical climate with rainy and dry seasons, influenced by the mountainous topography. The temperature shows hardly any seasonal fluctuations due to its location on the equator. The average annual temperature is 28 ° C on the coast and 20 ° C inland. The rainy season lasts from October to May.
Best travel time:
A trip to São Tomé and Principe is basically possible all year round, as the air and water temperatures are constantly warm, but the dry season is recommended as a more pleasant travel time. This goes on Sao Tomé from June to September and on Principe from June to August. It then rains less and the slightly lower temperatures are perceived as more pleasant, not least because of the lower humidity.
Central African Republic
As the name suggests, the Central African Republic is located roughly in the middle of Africa on the equator. The republic is thus a landlocked country and lies both at the crossroads between western and eastern Africa and northern and southern Africa. The dense tropical rainforest in the south is one of the last refuge for lowland gorillas and forest elephants. Most of the country consists of tree savannah (wet savannah) and light forest, which gradually merges into the dry savannah with fewer trees in the north.
The north and the center of the Central African Republic are still part of the humid tropics, whereas in the south it is humid and tropically warm all year round. Here values of 75 to 80% humidity are reached. Due to the location near the equator, the temperatures in the south hardly change over the year. In the north of the country, a rainy season (May to October) follows a dry season, which causes temperature peaks of up to 40 degrees Celsius. The dry harmattan noticeably lowers the humidity.
Best travel time:
In the north of the country, tours between the dry months of November and April are cheap, in the south the dry season is a little shorter: The months between December and February are suitable for trips to the Central African Republic. One should avoid the humid and hot rainy season in the country.