Professor Juan Bosch, exiled during the dictatorship, returned after the execution of Trujillo in 1961 and was elected president in December 1962 by the Dominican Revolutionary Party, but was deposed by a coup d’etat supported by the United States due to his intentions to carry out social reforms and its Marxist inclination. On 20 September as as 1963 the business groups called a general strike that paralyzed the country for two days. This strike was interpreted as a signal by the military, reaching the conclusion that the time had come to carry out the coup they had been planning. Five days later, on September 25 By 1963, Bosch was overthrown and replaced by a triumvirate headed by Emilio de los Santos.
Joaquín Balaguer was president of the country in the periods 1966 – 1978 and 1986 – 1996, in addition to being a puppet president during the Trujillo dictatorship.
The restoration of the democratically elected government of Bosch was demanded by segments of the armed forces loyal to the constitutional government. These factions gave the people participation by providing weapons and military equipment to remove the triumvirate that had been installed in the government. This started a civil war in 1965 due to the division of the armed forces. This confrontation finally brought a US military intervention, who were fearful of a new Cuba. The new intervention had some OAS commandos, all North Americans and Latinos left after a year in the country and after supervising the presidential elections.
In 1966 Joaquín Balaguer, a figure very close to Trujillo, ascended to power and remained in it for a period of 12 years, during which time he led the country’s destinies with a heavy hand. the repression of his political opponents with the aim that the competition would be practically nil and legitimize his re-election “democratically”.
The December of January of 1972 the armed conflict of the revolutionary group known as occurred Palmeros or commands Resistance against the intentions of President Joaquin Balaguer re-establish a similar government ousted newly regime trujillista government in which it was formed, violating the people’s right to democratic political exercise. The confrontation took place at kilometer 14 of the Las Américas highway, Santo Domingo.
During the 1978 elections, Antonio Guzmán Fernández was elected by the PRD. This became the first government elected by popular vote since 1966. His mandate culminates when Guzmán commits suicide on July 4, 1982. He was succeeded by the vice president on duty, Jacobo Majluta, who ruled for 43 days. That year’s presidential election was won by his party partner Salvador Jorge Blanco.
In 1986 Joaquín Balaguer, who was in his 80s at the time, was re-elected in 1990 in elections marred by fraud. In 1994, Joaquín Balaguer was once again the winner in the elections, against José Francisco Peña Gómez and Juan Bosch, varying the electoral panorama only from the point of view of the opposition parties. As a result of the allegations of fraud, a Constitutional Reform was made, cutting the presidential term to two years and agreeing to hold elections in 1996.
In 1996, with the support of Balaguer and the PRSC, Leonel Fernández was elected. This government was characterized by macroeconomic growth and the privatization of state companies, as well as the rapid devaluation of the currency.
According to allcitycodes, Hipólito Mejía was president of the nation in the period 2000-2004, trying to be reelected in the following elections, losing against Fernández.
In 2000, Hipólito Mejía was promoted to Executive Power by the PRD. His government was marked by major economic and social reforms, apart from a decentralization of the national budget. With the congressional majority obtained in 2002, President Mejía promoted a constitutional reform that restored the possibility of presidential re-election, which had been abolished in 1994 at the request of his own party. In this period great sport structures rose for Pan – American Games of 2003.
In 2003, the effects of the bankruptcy of three banking entities whose savers were protected by the government, which financed this situation, which caused inflation, which caused a severe economic crisis accompanied by the devaluation of the currency and capital outflows, instability that led to the bankrupt many companies. In 2004 Leonel Fernández won the presidential elections. At the beginning of his second presidential term, he made an effort to combat the economic crisis, restoring macroeconomic stability, manifesting among other things through the reduction of the dollar exchange rate. and return of confidence in the economy.
Leonel Fernández, president on two previous occasions (1996-2000) and (2004-2008).
In the year 2008, Leonel Fernandez is re – elected again as president, defeating his most prominent challenger, the engineer Miguel Vargas Maldonado supported by the PRD, achieving his third term (second) that extended between the years 2008- 2012.
In August 2012, Danilo Medina became president of the Dominican Republic, which marked the third consecutive term of government of the Dominican Liberation Party after the two terms of Leonel Fernández. Medina defeated former President Hipólito Mejía in the elections.