According to Countryaah, there are 18 countries in Eastern Africa. South Sudan is one of them. The country is about twice the size of Germany. As a landlocked African country, it borders Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west. The longest river in the world, the Nile, flows through South Sudan and is called Bahr al-Jabal in this region. The highest mountain in the youngest country on earth is the Kinyeti at 3,187 meters.
In South Sudan there is a humid tropical climate with high temperatures all year round. During the hot winters, an average of 36 degrees Celsius is reached during the day, while at night the values only drop to around 20 degrees. But even during the rainy season between April and October, daytime temperatures between 30 and 33 degrees are not uncommon. The extremely high humidity between 70-80% ensures extremely humid conditions in the summer months.
Best travel time:
Depending on the region, different times are considered optimal for traveling to South Sudan. In general, the dry season is recommended, which runs between December and February in the south and from November to April in the north. The humid and hot rainy season, on the other hand, is not recommended for travel.
Djibouti is a republic in northeast Africa on the Bab el Mandab strait and is slightly larger than Hesse. It borders in the north on Eritrea, in the west on Ethiopia and in the south on Somalia or the internationally unrecognized Somaliland and in the east on the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. Yemen is a few kilometers away on the other side of the Red Sea. Djibouti gained independence from France in 1977. Following the zeitgeist, a one-party system was introduced after independence. The country soon gained a prominent role as an intermediary between its neighbors Ethiopia and Somalia. In 1999, Ismail Omar Guelleh became president, whose legitimate rule was confirmed in a 2005 election.
Djibouti is one of the hottest countries on earth with its tropical, hot and dry desert climate. It hardly ever rains, but the average temperatures from June to September are 35 to 36 degrees Celsius. At midday, the shade can reach over 45 degrees, at night the temperature rarely falls below 30 degrees. In winter and in the highlands it is a little cooler. The coasts and the lowlands are particularly hot and dry. The water in the Red Sea is around 30 degrees in summer and around 25 degrees in winter.
Best travel time:
If you want to avoid the otherwise humid temperatures in Djibouti, you should travel in the winter months from November to March. Due to the intense sunshine and the enormous heat (sometimes more than 45 degrees Celsius), which is still favored by the dry Chamsin wind, the summer is unsuitable for a trip to Djibouti. Whale sharks can be seen in the Gulf of Tadjoura between October and early February.
Eritrea is located in northeast Africa on the Red Sea, bordering Djibouti and Sudan. It is one of the youngest states in Africa and one of the smallest countries in the east of the African continent. Eritrea is still largely unknown as a travel destination, but there is a rich culture and fascinating landscapes to discover. The coastal regions and the capital Asmara are particularly worth a visit.
The climate in Eritrea differs depending on the altitude. On the coast of the Red Sea and in the west of the country, it is very hot with constantly high temperatures all year round, which often reach 40 degrees Celsius between June and August. The north coast of Eritrea is defined by a relatively low-precipitation rainy season between December and February. The central highlands have a mild, temperate climate all year round.
Best travel time:
The optimal travel time should be made dependent on the regions visited. For the west of the country and the coast, the dry season months from November to March are good. For the central highlands, the period between September and February is recommended.
The “land of a thousand hills” is a country on the move and is one of the most beautiful destinations on the African continent for Africa fans and animal lovers. The former kingdom has long since managed to break away from its tragic past. Due to its outstanding endemic fauna, the varied landscape and warm hospitality, it is becoming more and more popular. Short driving distances bring you to the well-known destinations in fertile Rwanda. A real gem for nature lovers! The main reason for every trip is probably the most famous inhabitants of Rwanda, the mountain gorillas, to whom the primate researcher Dian Fossey dedicated her life. The mountain gorillas, which are still very endangered, live in the high altitudes of the Virunga volcanoes in the north of the country. In the protected areas of their natural habitats deep in the tropical mountain rainforest, they are protected from poachers. The visitors can safely approach the “gentle giants” up to a few meters – an incomparable, emotional experience and an unforgettable encounter. But the search for the chimpanzees in the dense mountain cloud forest of the Nyungwe Forest National Park and a safari in the Akagera National Park also hold real adventure potential.
The relatively stable temperatures in Rwanda differ in the altitude. The eastern lowlands are on average between 19 and 22 degrees Celsius, in higher regions such as the Virunga highlands it is correspondingly cooler. A short dry season between mid-December and the end of January is followed by the rainy season until May, which causes high humidity and regular rainfall. The dry season is between June and September.
Best travel time:
The sunny months from June to September make Rwanda attractive during the large dry season with less rainfall. Even during the small dry season from December to February, Rwanda is easy to travel to. The temperatures are pleasant all year round.