According to Countryaah, there are 16 countries in Western Africa. Nigeria is one of them.
Northern Nigeria has a humid tropical climate, here the temperatures are higher than in the south. According to the proximity of the equator, it is more humid in the southern part of Nigeria with a prolific rainy season between April and November and extremely high humidity, which is between 85 and 95% all year round. In the north, the rainy season is shortened by two months (between May and September), the dry season is characterized by the Harmattan. Due to the lower humidity, the average temperatures of 28.5 degrees Celsius in southern Nigeria are easier to bear.
Best travel time:
It is best for travelers to Nigeria to avoid the extreme humidity during the dry months between November and March that hits the country during the rainy months. Only the Bauchi high plateau and the Jos highlands are good travel destinations all year round.
The Republic of Liberia, with the capital Monrovia, is located on the southern coast of West Africa and borders Sierra Leone in the west, Guinea in the north and Ivory Coast in the east. In the south the country is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Almost 4.1 million people live here on an area of approx. 111,370 km².
The country near the equator has very different climatic conditions regionally. In the coastal area of the Atlantic there is a tropical climate with consistently hot and humid weather, in the northern coastal plain the rainy season is interrupted by a dry period in August.
Located on the west coast of Africa, Guinea offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a multifaceted nature. There are dense mangrove forests along the coast and on the river banks. The tree savannah is characteristic of Upper Guinea, here you will find the shea butter tree and the tamarind tree and the mountains in the south are covered with dense tropical rainforests. The country is home to a large number of different animal species, such as snakes, crocodiles, tropical birds such as parrots and turacos, leopards, hippos, wild boars and antelopes. The largest city of Conakry, formerly also known as “Paris of Africa” or “Little Marseille”, is well worth a visit and still attracts numerous visitors with its charm and lively atmosphere. The idyllic Los Islands invite you to relax.
Guinea in East Africa is characterized by a tropical climate with very warm temperatures all year round and extremely high humidity. During the rainy season from May to November, there is extreme rainfall, and Guinea is often hit by tropical storms. In the dry season, the north-east trade winds (Harmattan) soften the humidity a little.
Best travel time:
Travel to Guinea is recommended during the dry season, which lasts from December to April. At this time, the humidity on site drops to below 70%. Due to the immense amount of rainfall during the rainy season, a vacation in Guinea between May and October is not recommended. Strong storms hit the country especially in July / August and it is extremely humid.
Burkina Faso is a state in West Africa that lies in the interior of the Niger Arc and borders on Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana and the Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire). On August 4, 1984, the name of the country Upper Volta was changed to Burkina Faso (“Land of the Honorable” or “Land of the Righteous”) under President Thomas Sankara. The predominantly flat landlocked country with shares in the large landscapes of Sudan and Sahel is characterized by a tropical climate and various savannah landscapes. The administrative and cultural capital of the country with 16 million inhabitants (as of 2014) is the centrally located metropolis of Ouagadougou. Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world, but today it is characterized by a certain stability and the cultural diversity of the ethnic groups living together peacefully. The biggest city of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou which has a population of 1,086,505.
The West African monsoons and the Northeast Passat Harmattan cause a tropical, very hot climate in Burkina Faso with rainy and dry seasons of different lengths in different regions.
Best travel time:
Burkina Faso offers travelers pleasant weather, primarily in the dry season between December and February, without excessively high temperatures or humid humidity. The high amounts of precipitation in the rainy season do not allow comfortable travel.
Benin is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture. Wonderful palm beaches and nature parks on the one hand and numerous indigenous peoples with living culture and traditions. Located on the west coast of Africa, it offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature.
Because of its proximity to the equator, the climate in Benin is tropical. It is warm all year round, has little temperature fluctuations during the day and year and the humidity is consistently high. The south along the coast and up to 200 kilometers inland is hot and humid all year round and has two rainy seasons. The longer and more productive rainy season lasts from April to mid-July, the shorter and less pronounced from mid-September to November. The north of Benin is influenced by the desert climate of the Sahara and is rather dry and hot. The rainy season is comparatively short here and lasts from July to September.
Best travel time:
A trip to Benin should always be postponed to the dry season. For the regions in the south these are the months December to March as well as July and August. For the north of Benin, on the other hand, November to February is ideal. March and April are also relatively dry, but the temperatures are also very hot.
The Ivory Coast with the official name “Côte d’Ivoire” is a state in West Africa. The country has 520 km of Atlantic coast with numerous beaches, numerous national parks with rare flora and fauna and numerous ethnic groups with a diverse culture, so that tourists can be offered enough attractions.
The Ivory Coast has an ever-humid tropical climate with an average annual temperature of around 28 degrees Celsius. The interplay between the dry northeast trade winds and the warm, humid southwest monsoons is characteristic. The south is characterized by an equatorial climate, with a dry period in August / September and between December and April with no significant rainfall. The north of the country is characterized by a moist savannah climate with a rainy season between July and October.
Best travel time:
To travel to Ivory Coast, the dry season is recommended, but the length of the season differs in the individual regions. Although it is very hot even during the dry periods, travelers tend to find the humidity at the time less oppressive. On the Atlantic coast, the period from December to March is ideal for swimming. From November to April the northern part of the country can be easily traveled.
As a result of its centuries of immigration history, Sierra Leone is today an ethnically and culturally very heterogeneous country with a multitude of different languages and peoples. In addition, it is home to a large number of rare plants and animals, which have now become accessible again for foreign guests. After many years of civil war, the country has now returned to normal and there is a spirit of optimism everywhere. The small country offers the traveler savannah landscape, primary rainforest, untouched national parks and wonderful beaches.
In Sierra Leone a humid tropical climate dominates, especially the coast is affected by heavy continuous rain with strong thunderstorms during the rainy season from mid-May to mid-November. During these months the humidity rises to up to 90% and it becomes extremely humid. Inland it is a little drier and warmer during the day. The dry season in Sierra Leone runs from mid-November to mid-April. From December to March, the dry Harmattan brings dusty sand from the Sahara and average temperatures of over 35 degrees Celsius per day. Even in the rainy season, maximum values of 28 to 30 degrees are reached, so that it is very warm all year round.
Best travel time:
The West African country of Sierra Leone can be easily traveled over the entire sunny dry season between mid-November and mid-April. However, tourists have to be prepared for temperatures around 31 degrees. The time between mid-November and mid-December is relatively cheap for traveling. In this short period of time, followed by the rainy season, the landscape is still green before the dusty harmattan dries up the land by March and causes poor visibility. We advise against tours through Sierra Leone during the pronounced rainy season.